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The United Nations

This is a group for folks who work in the UN, are thinking of working in the UN or who are interested in the UN.

Members: 66
Latest Activity: May 21, 2013

UN Sites

The UN's Internet Site

UN Documents -- including UNSC resolutions.

Applying Online: The UN makes it easy to apply -- though it is considerably harder to actually get hired -- through its online job site called Galaxy. You would have to register and fill in a Personal History Profile (PHP). You can then look for vacancies and apply. One of the things we can do perhaps in this group is talk about what happens after application and how the UN personnel system works and is changing.

Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)

The UN System (all orgs in the UN family)

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Comment by Andrew Krzmarzick on October 7, 2010 at 12:16pm
Alex Howard asks: Can the power of the Web solve the world's most pressing problems?"
http://www.govloop.com/profiles/blogs/can-the-power-of-the-web-help
Comment by Mei Khitiri on September 26, 2010 at 9:09am
My articlle about ''People's Right''

www.caei.com.ar/es/programas/cei/A08.pdf
Comment by Philippe Vermeulen on April 7, 2010 at 11:26pm
thank you Candace. I'm for the moment in NY on holidays. I'll try to find it in the bookstores here
Comment by Candace Riddle on April 7, 2010 at 9:23pm
Philippe:
Check out this book. Erades gives a good analysis of International Law v. European Municipal Law. It's a bit dated, but still cited by Cambridge as a valid analysis.

Happy Reading!

L. Erades - European Municipal Law and International Law
Comment by Philippe Vermeulen on April 6, 2010 at 4:33pm
I must say that for an European it is hard to see the relationship or even corollary between municipal law and international law...
Comment by Candace Riddle on April 6, 2010 at 4:11pm
I took a stab at this question and examined the relationship between municipal law and international law. I evaluated both the monist and dualist standpoints and note some successes from the U.N.'s 2009 Annual Report on Strengthening and Coordinating United Nations Rule of Law Activities.
http://candaceriddle.blogspot.com/2010/04/international-v-municipal...
Comment by Candace Riddle on April 6, 2010 at 3:57pm
What is international law; how has it developed over time; in what ways does it differ from, depend upon, and compete with municipal law, and what evidence have you seen thus far that it works?
Comment by Jeffrey Kotvas on April 2, 2010 at 9:29am
Jack Goldsmith and Eric Posner argued in their 2004 book, The Limits of International Law, that international law was really just policy, that modern nation states may sign a lot of treaties and agreements but a study of their conduct suggests that they don’t feel bound by them.Goldsmith and Posner based their conclusions on selective use of anecdotal case studies, and their identification of the motivations of the decision makers is based entirely on conjecture. They made no attempt to penetrate the black box of foreign-policy decision making. In contrast, our research was based on a series of meetings with the ten living former State Department legal advisers, from the Carter, Reagan, elder Bush, Clinton, and Bush Administrations. The legal advisers provided remarkably candid accounts of the role international law actually played in behind-the-scenes deliberations on foreign policy during the major crises that occurred during their tenure. They confirmed that senior U.S. policy makers of both parties perceived international law as real law, that international legal rules contained in treaties and customary international law are often clear enough to constrain policy preferences, that the policy makers understood that there were serious consequences to violating international law, and that they recognized that it was almost always in America’s long-term interest to comply with international law.
Comment by Philippe Vermeulen on April 2, 2010 at 8:20am
The League of Nations, the forerunner of the UN faced , crumbled and stumbled under that dilemma. "Luckily" WW2 solved that problem by enforcing the dominance of power over reason. Which lead to the creation of the UN under the adagio "never again". Conventions after conventions were drafted to settle basic universal principles. In Europe, the ECJ helped to explain the impact and the range of such dispositions as "rights of the defence", "freedom to travel",... This was only possible due to the fact that every Member State accepted its jurisdiction and the final verdict pending fines and other measures. The most important fact is the obligation to accept the jurisdiction, hence to comply. Making reservations, especially those based on the argument of being able to appropriate for themselves the power to exempt, because the country is a major contributor or the most important military power or whatever, is a major obstacle and weakens the impact and the credibility.
Comment by Candace Riddle on April 2, 2010 at 7:46am
Philippe:

Thank you for your comment. I believe you're right on point. Your discussion leads me to the next question that has been problematic in debate.

By "international conventions which can be invoked into domestic cases", I'm assuming you are referring to those conventions which have come to be considered "natural law".

For example, an international tribunal has the ability to overturn the national court's decisions, which subjects each member state to the other through precedents created during the resolution of prior conflict. This can occur even in the instance that the state is not a member country, as evidenced in the Amicus Curiae at 16n.34 in McCann v. United States, in which “official torture” is found to be “prohibited by the law of nations” (Janis and Noyes, 1997, p. 20). While not recognized by all governments, basic human rights are one such precedent, that whether subject to a treaty or organization, most nations accept as a norm.
So the question; what do we do with rogue States that fail to comply? How do we enforce IL? Does the ability to submit reservations strengthen IL, making it more universally applicable, or weaken it by allowing States (even the U.S.) to declare themselves exempt?
 

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