Government transparency is raw information for the people, in close to real time, that isn’t sensitive or private. It allows citizens and organizations to have knowledge of how their tax dollars are being utilized across the federal government.
Its a 2 edged sword for government – it exposes poorly run agencies by making them corparable to well run agencies, but it also will highlight the groups doing a great job.
Recovery.gov, for all the abuse in the press over some data entry errors (that admittedly should have been fixed before they released it) was a miracle in terms of when it started and the fact that it was out and usable in a very short time.
Interoperable data will play a huge role in making transparency better and more usable by many. NIEM and other government initiatives that are making government data easier to use should be funded at a much higher level.