Second point made by Priscilla — the surge in retirees from that core motivational group — I am in awe at the quality of substitute teachers and assistant teachers in my county. Intriguing too when the substitute “assistant” is a PhD. I find it bumps up the conversational level with the children on WHY are you HERE — e.g. what is an education FOR? — and then making real connections for them on learned abilities and their personal future choices.