Would offer also: Sometimes training programs occur because some external source deems that it is necessary whether it be a fad or a “legal” requirement AND the only measurement of success is completion rate.
Have/had seen very little integration of training and learning, one of the few exceptions would be where DoD requirements were for all IT specialists to be certified which involved a significant amount training.
The downside of “training programs”, at least in my several decades of government service, is/was the relationship to training programs and budgets… Suspect that the primary reason was the less than stellar believe in training programs and a significant number of managers not seeing the connection between training and learning.
There was some effort, in the last 10 years, to link training to the individual learning needs but IMO this was not overly successful for at least several reasons:
A: the mindset “I didn’t get any training so why should you” by some managers
B: the rather direct linking to training and budget issues
C: the perception that those who got training were getting it because of favoritism
The 2 cases where the training program(s) were at least somewhat linked to learning the “diagnostic” model was if you were certified then you were most likely well trained.