David B. Grinberg

Thanks for that awesome reply, Terry!

Let’s not forget to credit Al Gore who launched the NPR, which then changed names to The National Partnership for Reinventing Government. Gore launched this grounbreaking White House initiative as Vice President during the early years of the Clinton Admin. I remember this well because I worked at OMB back then.

Regarding mid-level managers, here are some more excellent links from the WSJ project:

Personally, I think the question is contingent upon the type of manager. For example, a mid-level manager can be a major asset to an organization if he/she empowers and motivates employees with a results-only approach, including flexible work schedules, telework, etc.

However, if the official is a micro-manager or “clock watcher” then that’s bad for the organization because it usually results in lower employee morale, increased absenteeism, and poor/average work products.