What’s the definition of a ‘failed project’?
Look at Mars Curiosity.
The program was initially budgeted at around $1.5B and came in at $2.5B for development and launch.
Sure, some people question that expense, but for the most part I think they just don’t ‘get it’ on the importance of basic science research and exploration, and the tremendous ROI they have demonstrated over and over again – even if we can’t predict what technologies or other advances will come of them.
Look at the F-22 Raptor – an awesome aircraft that will likely never see active duty with a program cost of $66.7B.
I’m not saying the F-22 was necessarily a waste of money either, but in comparison Curiosity was a minor expense to the F-22 and indeed many of the major defense programs.
What I am saying is this: Anyone who is a key stakeholder of Mars Curiosity and actually understands the impact of science in general and this program in particular knows it has been a major success already – with more value to come.
But, it was almost $1B over budget.
So was it a successful project/program? Or not?