Where are the Social Work Opportunities in Government?

Social work is extremely important in our society, but particularly so in the federal government. Social workers operate all through the various levels and branches of government as they try to help individuals and families deal with various life problems and issues.

If you are a social worker and are interested in working in the federal government, you should be aware of the most common and productive areas where social workers typically do their work within various forms of government, what they do, and how much they are paid.

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The Federal Government

Social workers do extremely important work in the US federal workforce. At any one time, there are more than 8,000 social work-related positions within the US government. Professionals who qualify for these positions must have a bachelor’s degree, but it is strongly advised that you have a master’s degree in social work as well. If you are looking for a social service assistant position, a bachelor’s degree in the field will usually suffice.

Some of the most common areas of the federal government where social workers are needed include:

  • Social Security Administration – Social workers in this agency have many roles, and the SSA currently employs more than 26,000 social work-related professionals. They often serve as eligibility workers, program analysts, community outreach workers and program administrators.

  • Veteran’s Administration – There are more than 9,000 social workers working in the VA, and they are assigned to 57 different facilities in all 50 states. Social workers in this agency work as clinicians, case managers, and administrators for hospitals and community outreach programs.

  • Department of Defense – Social workers in the DoD often work for military branches and many types of DoD facilities. There are also 500 active military professionals who are social workers.

  • Department of Justice – The DOJ currently employs 5,000 social workers in the areas of federal parole and probation and offender reentry programs. Some social workers also are policy analysts for the agency.

  • Health and Human Services – HHS is a huge department that has many sub areas that utilize social workers, such as community health, HIV/AIDS, mental health and substance abuse.

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What Social Workers Do in Government

Within these different agencies, social workers conduct many related tasks, such as clinical practice, program management and administration. Your exact role will vary based upon which agency for which you work, but most of your duties will include:

  • Case management

  • Therapy for groups and individuals

  • Psychological testing

  • Discharge and treatment planning

  • Counseling and treatment for drug and alcohol abuse

  • Administrative tasks related to the above

Social workers also are deeply involved in federal programs that deal with behavioral health, health care, criminal justice, social services, social justice and child welfare. Social workers in the federal government also formulate policies, and develop standards and guidance for important federal programs. Social workers in the government also usually work closely with medical professionals, including doctors and nurses, and also substance abuse professionals.

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Salary Potential for Social Workers in the Federal, State and Local Government

A recent survey by the National Association for Social Workers determined the following regarding salaries for social workers in the federal government.

For social workers who hold a master’s degree in social work, a typical salary is in the area of $67,000. Also:

  • 10% of social workers earn less than $45,000

  • 25% earn less than $56,000

  • 75% earn less than $80,000

  • 90% earn less than $94,000

If you are interested in working for the local or state government, below is a comparison of the wages for social workers in the local, state and federal governments. Interestingly, the median salary for federal and local government social workers is similar: $67,300 for federal vs. $68,900 for local, and state governments pay the lowest median wage: $63,300.

  • Federal: 10% earn less than $55,800; 25% earn less than $60,000; median: $67,300; 75% earn less than $78,000; and 90% earn less than $90,700.

  • State: 10% earn less than $43,200; 25% earn less than $52,000; median: $63,000; 75% earn less than $79,200; and 90% earn less than $94,000.

  • Local: 10% earn less than $42.000; 25% earn less than $55,000; median: $68,900; 75% earn less than $81,000; and 90% earn less than $93,400.

Based upon the data above, social work in the federal government is rewarding, in strong demand and pays relatively well. Be sure to closely consider the possibilities of working in some area of government in your social work career, paying particular attention to the advantages and disadvantages of working for local, state and federal entities.

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Madonna Smith.

Greetings. I’m interested in doing contract social work over seas. Any recommendations on recruiters? Thank you.