Whether you’re interviewing for an internship or for a job in the Senior Executive Service, your interviewer may ask you that old “What are your weaknesses?” question. But even interviewers who still ask that widely reviled question recognize its limitations. “No one realistically expects to receive brutally honest answers like, ‘I’m below-average intelligence and difficult to work with,’ ” said Heidi McAllister, an environmental educator who has hired dozens of professionals into government and nonprofit organizations.
Why interviewers ask that question
So why do interviewers keep asking a question that — without the help of a truth serum — rarely elicits full disclosure? Because interviewers say that even skewed answers can help reveal whether applicants possess key qualities such as self-awareness, humility, sincerity, zest, and skill in managing shortcomings and mistakes.
By reflecting such qualities in your response, “you can really distinguish yourself and stand out from the pack,” said Robin Sawyer, who has helped screen applicants for a D.C. nonprofit conservation group.
Keeping Your Credibility
Sawyer said, “The worst answers are ‘I don’t know’ or ‘I have no weaknesses’ — which I hear frequently.” (Sorry, Superman, the credibility meter just hit zero.)
“When I get unbelievable or evasive answers, I suspect that the applicant isn’t the straight shooter I want to hire,” McAllister said.
What, then, is a strong answer to the weakness question? Conventional wisdom has long recommended responses such as “I’m a perfectionist” or “I’m a workaholic, so my boss has to peel my fingers back from my computer one by one every night to make me go home.” But by now, interviewers recognize those canned clichés as such, McAllister said.
Therefore, to remain credible, many interviewers now suggest counterbalancing a true but noncritical gap in your knowledge against your desirable traits. For example, Rajul Pandya, who manages the National Center for Atmospheric Research’s internship program, hired an applicant who described how she had bolstered her understanding of a technical issue by taking classes and requesting additional job assignments that addressed the issue.
Her answer won over Pandya because “I want to hire people who can say, ‘I’ve thought about what I don’t do so well and have taken action to do it better.’ ”
Similarly, Peter Feldman, an International Trade and Development Consultant and an experienced interviewer, recommends tackling weakness questions by saying, “In my last job, I underestimated the importance of X. So in the future, I’ll focus more energy on that.”
McAllister advises “showcasing your commitment to staying current in your field, a prized quality.” Say: “I try to continually update my skills. This year, I’d like to take training in the latest techniques in X, so that I will do Y faster and more efficiently.”
Alternatively, Erin Weinman, a federal information technology project manager, landed a choice job after acknowledging, “I’ve never worked for this organization before, so I have a lot to learn about it. But I offer new perspectives and energetic approaches.”
You can also conquer such questions by packaging strengths within weaknesses. Nancy Bachrach, an advertising account manager for a national publication, has impressed hiring managers by revealing that her inclination to quickly complete projects can cause errors, so she double-checks and proofreads all her work.
Carefully Deflecting Potential Liabilities
In addition to confronting open-ended weakness questions, you may be asked about skills that you do, in fact, lack. “Don’t just say, ‘No, I can’t do that,’ ” advised Howard Hyman, the former director of the U.S. Mint’s large accounting office.”Give me reasons to believe in you: Explain how your knowledge, willingness to do extra and ability to learn quickly will help you improve. Describe how you’d swiftly catch up and have done so previously.”
And what if you sense that an unspoken liability, if left ignored, may silently doom you? Perhaps, for example, you suspect that you’re perceived as too young, too old, an outsider, too entrenched, overqualified, overly aggressive or too passive.
“Anticipating a concern is a good idea because it shows insight and that you’re on the same wavelength as interviewers,” said Ray Kurzweil, founder of nine high-tech companies and a best-selling author. But he warned, “Don’t reveal key weaknesses that interviewers wouldn’t otherwise notice.”
How to Prepare Your Answer
The top reason for interview failure is lack of preparation, interviewers say. So be ready to discuss your weaknesses by
1. Selecting one technical or administrative weakness for your answer. Just one—this is no time to get effusive!
2. Practicing an explanation of how you previously or currently compensated for a weakness or liability, and what you’ve learned from mistakes. Craft earnest pitches that omit deal-busting deficiencies and will withstand further questioning and reference checks.
3. Role-playing with friends your answers to weaknesses and other common interview questions. The paradox of practice: The more you rehearse, the more spontaneous and smarter you will sound.
Lily Whiteman is the author of “How to Land a Top-Paying Federal Job”; Twitter: @Lilymwhiteman